Our 3 nap a day nappers

March 7, 2012 at 12:23 pm | Posted in Uncategorized | Leave a comment

If your baby is a short napper (under an hour) for each of his naps sometimes opting out of that third nap and putting the child to bed much much earlier helps consolidate the morning and afternoon nap.


Specific Requirements to Look for in a Child Sleep Consultant Certification!

January 12, 2012 at 9:38 pm | Posted in Family Sleep Institute Child Sleep Consultant Certification | Leave a comment
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Don’t be overwhelmed by all the different types of Child Sleep Consultant Certifications out there. I have put together a list of the specific requirements all Child Sleep Consultant Certification Programs should include:

#1 Make sure the certification is taught by an individual who has had at least 10 years of experience in the field of children’s sleep and who’s specific background and experience is solely as a Child Sleep Consultant (you want to be instructed by someone who is in the same profession as what you are seeking, right?) The certification should require at least 50+ hours of training.

#2 The program should not be self directed. Every class should be taught LIVE. Becoming a well trained Child Sleep Consultant takes many many hours of one on one training and constant follow up support. So, make sure the program provides that on-going support with instructors and fellow graduates.

#3 Don’t way heavily on the fact that an organization says it’s accredited. There are many associations and organizations that will gladly take your money and tell you that you are accredited by them. Being accredited by an association directly representing the profession is the type of accreditation you would expect from the organization certifying you.

#4 The instructor should also be a qualified regular member of the International Association of Child Sleep Consultants. Make sure that the certification follows the guidelines of the IACSC.com so that as a future member your training and certification will be recognized.

#5 The course should not be limited to any specific age group. As Child Sleep Consultants we are the experts in our field so we should be able to cover newborn through school age children. The course should also cover all sleep methodologies.

#6 The cost of the program should be relative based on the experience of the instructors, quality of the training and continued support and guidance. Certifications range from $1500 – $10,000. The certifications that fall within these specific requirements tend to be somewhere in the middle. On the low end you will get what you paid for and most likely won’t be prepared and have limited knowledge, if you go with the most expensive you are paying too much for your training.

#7 The instructor should provide “ACTUAL” case studies for evaluation and analysis which cover: all the different age groups, the varied parenting philosophies and all the various methods that can be used.

#8 The organization that houses the certification should also provide graduating students with continuing education in areas which influence sleep practices.

#9 The organization should be able to provide incoming students access to graduating students testimonials and personal feedback. Question programs who list their students and graduates but do not post their websites.

#10 And most importantly, if the Institute or individual who is teaching the course says she is “certified” make sure you find out where she was certified and remember you can’t certify yourself 🙂 . Unfortunately there are people out there ready to make serious false claims, so do your homework so you can make a smart and informed decision.

Following these guidelines will help you make the best decision for a lifetime in one of the most rewarding professions out there! Good luck!

Why Won’t My Toddler Stay Asleep

November 21, 2011 at 10:40 pm | Posted in Uncategorized | 3 Comments

Jen Simon hasn’t gotten a full night’s sleep in two years. Her son, Noah, was born three weeks premature, weighing just four pounds, and almost from the time he came home from the NICU he has woken up before dawn every morning — as early as four and rarely later than 5:30 AM. And while his mother describes him as beautiful, smart, and funny, she has also nicknamed him “The Sleep Monster”.

She has tried everything. Sleep training helped a bit, and at least whittled the number of awakenings from half a dozen, to just one. A sleep consultant was a disaster. She decided that by the time Noah showed signs of being tired, he was actually over tired, and instructed Jen to never be more than a few blocks from the apartment so that she could whisk Noah into his crib at the first yawn. She also suggested putting the boy to bed at 5, which only resulted in his waking up at 3 — and also led Jen to start taking two separate antidepressants.

Jen and her husband switch off the days that they get up with Noah, but even on their off duty mornings they wake up at the sound of their partner getting out of bed. They have tried letting Noah sleep with them. That didn’t work. They tried rocking him, and playing him special sleep CDs, and reading him sleep themed books. They have just found a clock that changes colors, hoping to teach him that he must play quietly in his crib until the numbers shift from yellow to blue. They still have hope that this will work, but it hasn’t, yet. About once a month Jen has started leaving her New York apartment and moving into her childhood bedroom in Kansas City, where her mother and father wake with the baby so she can sleep. It isn’t quite as restful as she’d hoped, she says, because she hears her parents get Noah, but at least she can stay in bed.

She would like to go back to work in public relations, but she can’t imagine being this tired — she calls it Zombie Tired — and having to get herself dressed and to an office. She had always thought she would have two children, but for the moment, and possibly for the future, she says, “we have no plans.”

“I never knew that being a parent was striving for normal”, she wrote on her Facebook page. She is desperate for some advice. “People keep saying to me it gets better,” she says. “And it has gotten better. But when does it get good?”

Talk to any parent and you will find something they are “going through”, something with which they need help. If nothing else, they need an ear, and some reassurance that others have been in the same boat, that nearly everything will pass eventually, and that yes, it will get good.

Today we are launching Parentasking (what you’d get if you cross Parents Asking, and Multi-tasking, ‘natch…) a video series that takes readers’ parenting struggles and opens the floor to other readers who have been there and bring some advice. We will also touch base with experts (though the bottom line is that there really are no parenting experts, just people who have been through this before) and ask them for practical suggestions. To help Jen, we contacted Deborah Pedrick, of familysleep.com, who has been helping parents get their kids to sleep for 14 years and who is the co-founder of the International Association of Child Sleep Consultants. You can hear all she had to say in the video, but her bottom line was that by responding to Noah before dawn, his parents have taught him that it’s just dandy to wake up that early, and she had a few suggestions on how to teach him that it really truly would be better to sleep.

How about you? Have experienced you nights with the “Sleep Monster”? What worked? What didn’t? How long did the torture last?

Should Jen think about having another child? Or going back to work? Is it impossible for her to fit either of those things into her sleep deprived life at the moment? Or perhaps part of the problem is that Noah is quite clear that HE is the center of his mommy’s life. Huffington Post, Writer Lisa Belkin 11/21/11,

SIDS and other Sleep-Related Infant Deaths

November 15, 2011 at 1:04 pm | Posted in Uncategorized | Leave a comment

SIDS and other Sleep-Related Infant Deaths
Summary of Recommendations
AAP 11/1/11
(Emphasis added)

1. Back to sleep for every sleep until 1 year of life. Side sleep is not safe. Once an infant can roll from supine (back) to prone (stomach) and prone to supine, the infant can be allowed to remain in the sleep position that he or she assumes.

2. Use a firm sleep surface. Infants should not be placed for sleep on beds because of the risk of entrapment and suffocation. Sitting devices, such as car safety seats, strollers, swings, infant carriers, and infant slings, are not recommended for routine sleep. if an infant falls asleep in a sitting device, he or she should be removed from the product and moved to a crib or other appropriate flat surface as soon as is practical.

3. Room-sharing without bed-sharing is recommended. Devices promoted to make bed-sharing “safe” (eg, in-bed co-sleepers) are not recommended. Infants may be brought into the bed for feeding or comforting but should be returned to their own crib or bassinet when the parent is ready to return to sleep.

4. Keep soft objects and loose bedding out of the crib. [Bumper pads] are not recommended.

5. Pregnant women should receive regular prenatal care.

6. Avoid smoke exposure during pregnancy and after birth.

7. Avoid alcohol and illicit drug use during pregnancy and after birth.

8. Breastfeeding is recommended. The protective effect of breastfeeding increases with exclusivity.

9. Consider offering a pacifier at nap times and bedtimes. It does not need to be reinserted once the infant falls asleep…he or she should not be forced to take it.

10. Avoid overheating.

11. Infants should be immunized (because) immunizations might have a protective effect against SIDS.

12. Avoid commercial devices marketed to reduce the risk of SIDS (such as) wedges, positioners, special mattresses, and special sleep surfaces.

13. Do not use home cardiorespiratory monitors.

14. Supervised, awake tummy time is recommended. Shared from the By weissbluthmethod blog at http://weissbluthmethod.wordpress.com/

How to Handle Day Light Saving this Sunday Night

November 4, 2011 at 12:15 pm | Posted in Uncategorized | Leave a comment
Tags: ,

“OMG! The time change is coming! What do I need to do?” This is the message that Iʼm getting on my voice mail and in emails as well as from moms and dads all across the country. Okay letʼs take a deep breath…… and remember that we go through this every year. It comes and goes and we get through it just fine. You really donʼt need to worry about it. Daylight saving officially ends the first Sunday in November which this year falls on the 6th. The good news is, we gain an hour. So at 2:00 am November 6th, you will set your clock back one hour.

Who doesnʼt love getting an extra hour of sleep? Unfortunately if you are a parent, you will not share the same benefits as your childless peers because your children will be waking one hour earlier.

Well donʼt fret, remember we all get through it and forget about it until the next time
change and itʼs usually not too painful. So, with that said, what adjustments can we make to get through this as quickly and painlessly as possible?

Napping Children:

Start the naps 1/2 hour earlier than the normal nap time. For example, if
your childʼs original nap time was 8:30 am, then make it 8:00 am instead.

Since the naps are starting earlier and probably ending earlier, then
you will also need to make the bedtime earlier. A 5:00 pm bedtime might be
necessary especially for the younger babies taking two naps a day.

Transition Complete:
As the wake time inches closer to the original, the nap times will also start occurring at the normal times once again.

Children who are not napping:


make it a little bit earlier, maybe a 1/2 hour if they too are getting up earlier. Once the wake time gets back to normal, so can the bedtime.

Big Kids and/or Pre-teens:

Our older children and young adults will benefit from this time change. As
it is these kids are at such a deficit of sleep due to early school times and late
nights doing homework, any amount of extra sleep will make a difference.
Overall it takes about a week for the older kids and a little more for the younger ones to come together. The only advice for the moms and dads; get yourselves earlier to bed as well. Until next time………….

Family Sleep in the Wall Street Journal

September 27, 2011 at 11:05 am | Posted in Uncategorized | Leave a comment


Ah, a blissful night of sleep—until a cry rips through the quiet: Waaah. Mo-ommy! Daddeee!

One sleep consultant’s bedtime rule for 3-year-old Zoe: No talking to Mom or Dad, but whispering to Cat, her favorite stuffed animal, was allowed.

As a sleep-deprived family of four, we were prepared to throw money at this problem to regain our rest (and sanity). Luckily, there is no shortage of businesses designed to collect that money. So we put to the test three consultants with expertise in putting kids to sleep, as well as a do-it-yourself approach based on websites devoted to the subject. The advice included dramatic changes to the bedtime routine, reward stickers, white noise, better daytime naps, even recorded affirmations read by a “Sleep Fairy.”

The challenger in our tests: our 3-year-old daughter Zoe, who we spend hours getting to sleep only for her to awaken in the middle of the night, calling for Mom, disrupting the sleep of her 7-year-old sister.

Kim West, a licensed social worker and mother of two, has worked with families around the country over the past 15 years. Demand for Ms. West, aka the Sleep Lady, is so high, we had to book the appointment a month in advance. That allowed time to read certain chapters in her book, “The Sleep Lady’s Good Night, Sleep Tight,” as well as fill out an extensive history form, prerequisites for a 60-minute phone consult for one child. Parents with two or more kids or who don’t have time to read the book can sign up for a 90-minute session.

Enlarge Image
Elizabeth Garone/The Wall Street Journal

The consultants stressed establishing a nighttime routine. For Zoe that means brushing teeth, getting friends ready for bed and a story.

Ms. West recorded the session and emailed a link to it so we didn’t have to take notes. We also appreciated that she didn’t rush us off the phone when our session went over.

We found her approach a little intimidating and labor-intensive. Her sleep plan involved a number of steps as well as dramatic changes to our bedtime routine, such as no talking to Mom and Dad after being tucked in. Zoe had to lie quietly in her bed and only whisper to Cat, her favorite stuffed animal. Still, the plan was easy to follow and having her book to refer to came in handy.

Enlarge Image
Elizabeth Garone/The Wall Street Journal

Zoe and friends getting ready for bed.

Ms. West’s plan started with a family meeting where we would introduce a sleep sticker chart, which we would use to reward Zoe on mornings when she followed the rules. From there, we needed to establish a consistent bedtime routine and implement the Sleep Lady Shuffle: For the first three nights, we sat in a chair next to her bed; the next three nights, we moved to a chair just inside the door; then down the hall, and so on until she was supposed to put herself to sleep. She never did.

The plan’s most difficult requirement, at least for us, was that we had to refrain from getting into bed with Zoe at bedtime. She protested every night. It wasn’t long before we were back in bed with her with the plan to try the Shuffle again in a few months.

Deborah Pedrick, the founder of Family Sleep, a consultancy in Stamford, Conn., offers consultations by email. We had the choice of one day or three days’ worth of email; we chose the latter. Ms. Pedrick offers in-person and phone consults, but she says many clients prefer email for convenience and price ($60 for three days versus $295 for a package that includes an hour phone consult).

When she heard we were using music through the night to help Zoe sleep, she told us to switch to the less-disruptive white noise. Of course, Zoe found the change quite disruptive and complained about the “awful sound” coming from the machine.
[CRANKYjp1] Elizabeth Garone/The Wall Street Journal

Zoe choosing a story.

Ms. Pedrick’s most helpful advice: When Zoe doesn’t nap, she needs to go to sleep a lot earlier. Otherwise, she will get overtired, and it will take longer to fall asleep, she said. Zoe was down in unprecedented five minutes the first time.

Sleep expert Kate Daymond in St. Albans, England, offered us the option of Skype or phone, and we chose an hour Skype consult. Upon witnessing her British accent and calm demeanor, images of Mary Poppins swooping in and solving our sleep problems danced in our heads. She asked how “cross we were with the situation at the moment” and whether we were feeling “cheesed” about it. Having two children herself, she wasn’t fazed when our girls peered into the camera and chatted away about themselves.

Her first recommendation was a star-sticker chart to reward Zoe whenever she followed the new sleep rules, such as having minimal physical contact if we were in the bed with her (no snuggling, just lying still). She instructed us to start the rules with Zoe’s naps and get them under control before moving on to the nighttime routine. This proved a little difficult since Zoe doesn’t nap consistently.

Her plan also included going into Zoe’s room and “checking” on her every few minutes to reassure her Mom and Dad were nearby. Ms. Daymond suggested sitting outside the room with a chair and a cup of tea between checks. The moment we tried this, Zoe protested quite loudly and only stopped when we came back in her room—and into her bed.

To address Zoe’s playing and procrastinating when she should be asleep at 9:00 p.m., Ms. Daymond said it was up to us as parents to make the environment as unexciting as possible for her. “Try to be like a bored shop assistant. If you’re there saying, ‘Let’s have another story,’ there’s no reason for her to fall asleep,” she said.

For our D-I-Y plan, we ordered “The Sleep Fairy” CD and “The Floppy Sleep Game” CD from Amazon.com. We also ordered “The Bedtime Beats: The Secrets to Sleep” CD, with classical songs that cycle at 60 to 80 beats per minute to mimic a resting heart beat, and the Marpac SleepMate 980A, a white-noise machine like Ms. Pedrick had suggested. While neither the Bedtime Beats nor the white noise put the girls to sleep faster, they did seem to help calm them faster.

“The Floppy Sleep Game” is about 20 minutes of songs, nature sounds and gentle yoga techniques that can be done lying in bed. The kids liked it but didn’t appear anywhere close to being sleepy afterward.

“The Sleep Fairy” CD offered 30 minutes of positive affirmations and relaxing images read by a woman with a slightly cloying voice. At the end, everyone (except Dad) was awake. Gabby, our 7-year-old, announced, “That was really long, wasn’t it?” Zoe balked at the CD at first, but after a few nights of it, she started asking for it and it became part of her bedtime routine.

While no one approach proved to be the answer for us, Ms. West’s plan and book seemed to give Zoe—and us—the best chance for a good night’s sleep.

Wall Street Journal: 9/27/11 – Cranky Consumer

Literal Interpretation: from Marc Weissbluth’s Blog

September 19, 2011 at 7:33 pm | Posted in Uncategorized | Leave a comment

By weissbluthmethod

Here is a sentence that might appear in the Blog or my book. “Children begin to develop nap circadian rhythms about 3-4 months of age. The morning nap develops first and occurs around 9am.”
Sometimes, sleep deprivation in parents naturally causes some mental fog and impatience so they might remember this sentence as “4-month old babies take a nap at 9am.”
Obviously, to well-rested parents, this is a too literal interpretation leading to frustration. Clearly, the morning nap might occur earlier than 9am, especially in the younger babies and clearly the morning nap might not be regular until after 4 months of age perhaps in the post-colic baby. Babies develop sleep patterns at different rates because of differences in nature and nurture. Please be patient, don’t compare babies, and develop coping strategies to deal with your own sleep deprivation such as taking breaks, getting help, and indulging in some self-maintenance as a reward for all your hard work. Marc

Catch more of Weissbluth’s Blog Posts Here: http://weissbluthmethod.wordpress.com

A Child’s Nap Is More Complicated Than It Looks

September 13, 2011 at 9:38 pm | Posted in Uncategorized | 1 Comment

Published: September 12, 2011, Views Section of the New York Times

What makes a child nap? Most parents cherish toddlers’ naps as moments of respite and recharging, for parent and child alike; we are all familiar with the increased crankiness that comes when a nap is unduly delayed or evaded. But napping behavior has been somewhat taken for granted, even by sleep scientists, and napping problems have often been treated by pediatricians as parents’ “limit-setting” problems.

Now, researchers are learning that it is not so simple: napping in children actually is a complex behavior, a mix of individual biology, including neurologic and hormonal development, cultural expectations and family dynamics.

What parents usually want to know is simply how long a child should nap. That concern dates back a little over a hundred years: In the first decade of the 20th century, European experts published the original studies measuring the sleep patterns of children and promptly began worrying they were not getting enough sleep.

Today, researchers believe that very young children take naps because so-called sleep pressure builds rapidly in their brains — that is, the need for sleep accumulates so quickly during waking hours that a nap becomes a biological necessity. It is not just a question of how much total sleep that children need in 24 hours. Possibly because of the intense synaptic activity that goes on in their highly active, highly connected brains, young children are less able to tolerate long periods of time awake.

In the early 1980s, Dr. Alexander A. Borbély, a professor of pharmacology at the University of Zurich, Switzerland, posited a “two-process model of sleep regulation.”

The “circadian process,” which has been localized to a specific place in the brain, works a little like a clock, tying our sleep to schedules and to cycles of light and dark, regardless of how much we have or have not slept. This interacts with the “homeostatic process” which works differently, pushing us harder toward sleep the longer we stay awake and building up sleep pressure, which can be measured via EEG recordings.

Napping happens “because children have a much faster sleep homeostasis — they build up sleep pressure more quickly, they are not so tolerant toward longer waking periods,” said Dr. Oskar Jenni, a pediatrician who is director of the child development project at the University Children’s Hospital Zurich.

Generally, new infants sleep between feedings in short periods both days and nights. As they grow, babies sleep at night (more or less), waking to be active in the early morning and taking morning naps; they wake again for play and food, followed by afternoon naps.

Sometime after the first birthday, the two naps are consolidated into one, usually in the late morning or early afternoon. “The rationale for having your afternoon nap over by 3 p.m. is to build up enough sleep drive so you can fall asleep at night,” said Dr. Judith Owens, a pediatrician who is director of sleep medicine at Children’s National Medical Center in Washington.

As they grow toward school age, most children begin to fight against that remaining nap or just leave it behind. But there is a great deal of individual variation, and many parents struggle with a child who seems too eager to do without a nap.

Sometimes problems arise because relinquishing the nap conflicts with a parent’s daily program or a day care center’s routine. Sometimes the parent sees the tantrums and whining and general negativity that come with fatigue, a sign that the child is not really ready to do without a nap.

“By age 5, about 80 percent of kids have given up a nap — that means one in five still napping,” Dr. Owens said.

Dr. Jenni was one of the authors of a large study, published in 2003 in the journal Pediatrics, which measured sleep duration across childhood. He and his colleagues documented the decrease in daytime napping and the consolidation of nighttime sleep as a group of Swiss children grew up. They also found that individual children’s sleep needs and sleep patterns tended to be consistent through age 10. In other words, children who slept less than their peers as infants grew into older children seemed to need less sleep.

A 2005 study of American children ages 3 to 8 showed distinct differences between black and white children, too. While total sleep duration for the two groups was similar, black children napped more and tended to be older when they gave up their naps.

Despite the intriguing findings, the study of napping patterns is still in its infancy — or perhaps toddlerhood. Experts are just beginning to understand the biological underpinnings.

Dr. Monique LeBourgeois, a sleep scientist at the University of Colorado at Boulder, and her colleagues recently conducted the first study on how napping affects the cortisol awakening response, a burst of hormone secretion known to take place shortly after morning awakening. They showed that children produce this response after short naps in the morning and afternoon, though not in the evening, and it may be adaptive in helping children respond to the stresses of the day.

By experimentally restricting sleep in young children, and then analyzing their behavior in putting puzzles together, Dr. LeBourgeois’ group also is quantifying how napping — or the lack of it — affects the ways that children respond to situations. “Sleepy children are not able to cope with day-to-day challenges in their worlds,” she said. When children skip even a single nap, “We get less positivity, more negativity and decreased cognitive engagement.”

But for parents and scientists alike, there are many unanswered questions: When is it too early to give up a nap? Too late to hold on to a nap? How do domestic patterns and cultural norms affect the circadian and homeostatic processes?

“I think there’s a dire need for adults in general to be in tune with individual children’s physiology,” Dr. LeBourgeois said. “What are the capabilities, and what are the limits?”

This everyday childhood behavior, commonly a source of family struggle, is the product of cultural and familial expectations as well as complicated biology, which changes as the child grows.

“If the child is stopping the napping, that represents a process of neurological maturation,” Dr. Jenni said. “The ability to tolerate wakefulness is an indication that the brain is maturing.”

Consultant Helps Tired Families With Sleep Issues – Family Sleep in the News

August 15, 2011 at 11:06 am | Posted in Uncategorized | 2 Comments


There’s a new phenomenon in parenting literature that combines satire, nostalgia and belly laughs. It’s called “Go the F**k to Sleep” by Adam Mansbach.

This book sold more than 50,000 copies in pre-orders alone and, according to Amazon, has become “the secret anthem of tired parents everywhere” since its release in June.

Why? Because we’ve all been there. We know what it’s like to be up all night, walking the floors, trying to make soothing sounds with the hair dryer or vacuum, completely strung out, wondering why our babies won’t conk out when that’s all we want to do.

“It’s what goes on in your head. What you would like to say but can’t,” says Deborah Pedrick, who has made a career out of helping exhausted parents get some Zs.

This child sleep consultant from Stamford believes that night-time issues can affect an entire family’s lifestyle. And we’re not just talking about newborns. Oftentimes sleep problems persist with toddlers and older children who get into a nightmare pattern.

Years ago, after being inspired by her pediatrician, Mark Weissbluth, who wrote “Healthy Sleep Habits, Happy Child,” Pedrick created http://www.familysleep.com, which breaks down and simplifies expert advice. Pedrick also consults with moms and dads in their home.

“It’s my job to find out their philosophy because one method might work for one family and not for another,” she says. A mother herself, she looks at the sleep environment, nap schedule and, most importantly, the bedtime routine. “Kids are going to bed too late,” she believes.

My Ben wouldn’t sleep through the night for two years. Two years. I became a snappish maniac who was buying every how-to tome and DVD on the market, but nothing seemed to work. I beat myself up, thinking: “My older son slept OK, why won’t Ben?”

Pedrick says every child’s personality is different. She claims to help moms clarify the confusion and sift through the sea of information.

“When you try so many different things, you might not give the right thing enough time,” she says.

Eventually, I gave up, figuring that he’d have a solid night when his body was ready. But, Pedrick says, based on her experience, that line of reasoning is wrong.

“All kids can sleep. We’ve always found a solution,” she says. “It’s so rewarding to get families happy and healthy and sleeping well.”

If you’re not offended by expletives, go onto You Tube and listen to Samuel L. Jackson read a snippet of this hilarious book. Maybe I find it so entertaining because of my “been there, done that” history.

Times have changed, and he now sleeps fine but remains entirely stubborn in other areas. Perhaps I should collaborate on a sequel called “Sit the F*** Down and Eat What’s on Your F***ing Plate.” Now that’s a best-seller just waiting to happen.

>>To contribute your own adventures in motherhood, or to read more from Fox CT reporter Sarah Cody and freelancer Teresa Pelham, go to http://www.ctnow.com/mommyminute.

Original Article can be found here:  http://www.ctnow.com/lifestyle/parenting/mommy-minute/hc-mommy-minute-20110815,0,6604284.story?track=rss

Warring Parents Affect Their Children’s Sleep

August 12, 2011 at 2:53 pm | Posted in Uncategorized | 1 Comment

Warring parents affect the sleep of their adopted infants, a new research has found .

We know that marital problems have an impact on child functioning, and we know that sleep is a big problem for parents, said Jenae M. Neiderhiser, professor of psychology, Penn State.

We know that marital problems have an impact on child functioning, and we know that sleep is a big problem for parents, said Jenae M. Neiderhiser, professor of psychology, Penn State.

New parents often report sleep as being the most problematic of their child’s behavior. Neiderhiser and colleagues found that poor sleep patterns in children from ages 9 to 18 months are likely influenced by conflict in their parents” marriage.

New parents often report sleep as being the most problematic of their child’s behavior. Neiderhiser and colleagues found that poor sleep patterns in children from ages 9 to 18 months are likely influenced by conflict in their parents” marriage.

The researchers interviewed 357 sets of adoptive parents both together and separately, assessing their own habits and emotions as well as their children’s behaviors. The parents were interviewed twice–first when their children were 9 months old, and again at 18 months.

The researchers interviewed 357 sets of adoptive parents both together and separately, assessing their own habits and emotions as well as their children’s behaviors. The parents were interviewed twice–first when their children were 9 months old, and again at 18 months.

Parents were asked a series of questions, such as Have you or your partner seriously suggested the idea of divorce?

Parents were asked a series of questions, such as Have you or your partner seriously suggested the idea of divorce?

Then they were asked to describe their child’s behavior at bedtime, by rating several behaviors listed in the survey, such as child needs parent in room to fall asleep or child struggles at bedtime.

Then they were asked to describe their child’s behavior at bedtime, by rating several behaviors listed in the survey, such as child needs parent in room to fall asleep or child struggles at bedtime.

The researchers showed that marital conflict in the first survey at 9 months predicted that the child would be more likely to have sleep problems at the time of the second survey at 18 months. However, if the child had sleep problems at 9 months, the parents were not more likely to have marital stress at 18 months.

The researchers showed that marital conflict in the first survey at 9 months predicted that the child would be more likely to have sleep problems at the time of the second survey at 18 months. However, if the child had sleep problems at 9 months, the parents were not more likely to have marital stress at 18 months.

The study was recently published in the journal Child Development.

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